NAJARA

NAJARA, family of rabbis and kabbalists in Ereẓ Israel and syria , originating from the town of Nájera in spain . Apparently, the head of the family, LEVI NAJARA, settled in Constantinople after the expulsion from Spain (1492). His son MOSES (1) (1508?–1581), rabbi and kabbalist, lived in damascus and in safed . Apparently before 1546, he served as a rabbi in Damascus   and corresponded with moses di trani . He remained in Damascus until after 1555. He spent some time in Safed as a student of isaac luria and wrote a commentary on the Torah, Lekah Tov (Constantinople, 1571). Sha'ar ha-Kelalim, published in the beginning of Eẓ Ḥayyim of Ḥayyim Vital , is attributed to Najara in several manuscripts. Different discourses on Lurianic Kabbalah are found in his name in manuscripts and in published works of Ḥayyim Vital. According to Shabbatean tradition, Baruchia (Russo), the head of the shabbateans in salonika , is reputed to have been a reincarnation of Maharam Nayar, i.e., Moses Najara. In his last years he continued to serve as rabbi in Damascus, where he died. His son was the distinguished poet israel najara . The son of Israel, MOSES (2), succeeded his father as the head of the Jewish community in gaza , according to David Conforte (Kore ha-Dorot, 49b), who passed through Gaza in 1645 and studied Torah with Najara. Kabbalistic sermons preserved in manuscript were attributed to him but it is possible that they were written by his grandfather, Moses Najara (1). JACOB, his son, who succeeded Moses (2), is known to have been a fervent believer in Shabbetai Ẓevi . When Shabbetai Ẓevi reached Gaza in 1665, he stayed with Najara, whom he appointed "High Priest," although Najara was not of a priestly family (Kohen). In 1666 Jacob Najara sent propagandistic letters abroad supporting the messianism of Shabbetai Ẓevi and the prophecy of nathan of gaza . Even after Shabbetai Ẓevi's apostasy, Najara believed in him and visited him in Adrianople in 1671 (Sefunot, 5 (1961), 254–61). MOSES (3), apparently a member of this family, may have been a rabbinic emissary. Between 1760 and 1790 he was one of the rabbis in Debdou, in eastern Morocco. JUDAH NAJARA, a rabbi in Constantinople, may also have been a member of this family. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Neubauer, Chronicles, 1 (1887), 151, 153; Rosanes, Togarmah, 3 (1938), 218–9; 4 (1935), 357; G. Scholem, Kitvei Yad ba-Kabbalah (1930), 127; idem, in: Zion, 6 (1940/41), 129; Scholem, Shabbetai Ẓevi, 1 (1967), index; J.M. Toledano, Sarid u-Falit (1945), 73–74; I. Ben-Zvi, She'ar Yashuv (1966), 378. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Najara — Recorded in the spellings of Navarro, Navaro, Navarijo, Najara, Najera, and de Najera, this is a locational surname. It is esentially Spanish but may also be French, and is also occasionally British in the surname as Nabarro. However spelt it… …   Surnames reference

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  • Najara, Israel ben Moses — (c.1SSS c.1625)    Syrian Hebrew poet. Born in Damascus, he was secretary to the Jewish community there. In 1587 he published two collections of hymns, Zemirot Yisrael and Mesah eket ba Tevel in Safed. Later he served as a rabbi in Gaza …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Najara, Israel — (c. 1555, Safed, modern Israel – c. 1628, Gaza)    Poet and hazan, first to publish a diwan (song collection) in 1587, which contained 108 of his own poems with the intention of attracting Jewish youth away from secular songs. His most famous… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Israel ben Moses Najara — (c. 1555, Damascus c. 1625, Gaza) (Heb. ישראל בן משה נאג ארה) was a Jewish liturgical poet, preacher, Biblical commentator, kabbalist, and rabbi of Gaza.BiographyAccording to Franco ( Histoire des Israélites de l Empire Ottoman, p. 79, Paris,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Moses Najara II — was a Jewish poet, son of Israel Najara, whom he succeeded as rabbi of Gaza. His poetry is praised by his contemporaries, but none of his poems is now extant. Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography Leser Landshuth, Ammude ha Abodah; David Conforte,… …   Wikipedia

  • Moses Najara I — (or Najjara, c 1508 – 1581) was a Turkish rabbinical writer, son of Levi Najara, born probably at Safed. He lived at Damascus, where he was rabbi, and died there in 1581. He wrote a work entitled Leḳaḥ Ṭob (לקח טוב, Constantinople, 1571), and was …   Wikipedia

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